A look at RUK fees

July 20, 2011

I think I’m gonna have to change the title of this blog. More and more I’m just talking about lefty stuff. I had a quiet afternoon yesterday so I wrote a bit of a ranty response to the Scottish Government’s proposals to raise fees for RUK students. This is it:

On 29th June 2011, Michael Russell, Scottish Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning, made an announcement in Parliament on the future of Higher Education in Scotland. Following that announcement, a consultation document was issued containing more detailed information, and asking for responses until the 2nd September. Anyone can respond to the consultation so feel free to print one off and send it in. The proposal at the moment is to raise the cap on fees for students from the Rest of UK (RUK) so that universities can set their own fees, up to a limit of £9,000 per year.

Russell begins his statement by claiming that Scotland will not follow England by putting an unmanageable debt burden on its graduates, and yet, for around 15% of its graduates, under these plans Scotland will become by far the most expensive place in Europe to study for a degree. He says, and I agree, that “the Scottish election established a clear consensus that tuition fees – upfront or back door – are not the right solution”. It was widely suspected during the NUS Reclaim Your Voice campaign that the Scottish Government, whoever won the election, would have to raise fees for English students, but no one was speaking about £9,000 fees. The figures that both Scottish Labour and the SNP were talking about were around £6,500, and I accepted that, albeit uncomfortably. Whilst higher education should be free and funded through a more progressive system of raised income tax, without tax-raising powers the Scottish Government would have to take money from other public services in order to fund university places that should rightly be funded by Westminster.

In both his statement to Parliament, and the consultation document, Mr Russell claims that the main purpose of this proposal is to maintain the current levels of cross-border flow of students, thereby protecting university places for Scottish domiciled students. That is clearly not the case. If Russell’s main objective were to keep that flow at the same level, then he would have looked at the situation from the students’ perspective, and realised that with a typical 4-year Scottish degree, these proposals will make it much more expensive to come to a Scottish university than to study in England. Even before taking into account an extra year of maintenance loans, a degree in Scotland will cost £36,000, as opposed to £27,000 in England. That contrasts with the action taken in 2006, which kept RUK fees in Scotland lower than fees in England, even taking the 4-year degree into account. Far from merely protecting places for Scottish students, these proposals will reduce the number of RUK students coming to Scotland through aversion to debt, and I don’t think that’s what was established as the consensus of the election. Clearly Mr Russell’s work behind the scenes with Universities Scotland has given him an institutional view which doesn’t reflect the reality of decisions that students make when applying to university.

Perhaps most worrying about this statement and accompanying document is Mr Russell’s feigned naivety about the level of fees that Scottish universities will charge RUK students. He hopes that the average fee in Scotland would be lower than in England, around £6375 per year. This number is based on pure speculation, and we’ve seen the effects of such wishful thinking south of the border, where students were told that £9,000 fees would be the exception rather than the rule. That was false in England and it’ll turn out to be false here too. The universities where the majority of RUK students go (Edinburgh,Glasgow,St Andrews, etc) see themselves as world-class institutions, and so will charge world-class fees if they’re given the opportunity. If Mr Russell is happy with the £62m that a £6375 average fee will raise, then why not set the fee level there rather than allowing Scottish universities to take more money from students’ pockets?

Another worrying aspect of these plans is that allowing variable fees will create a market in education and introduce free market forces to the Scottish higher education sector. This is an undesirable aspect of the change south of the border which the Scottish Government should reject on principle, given that it will force some students to choose their university based not on their own ability, nor on the suitability of the course, but on the amount of debt that they will be forced to accrue over the course of their studies. Mr Russell appears to have been turning a blind eye to the fee level announcements at English universities, and assumes that increased competition will drive fee levels down, when in fact as we’ve seen it has only driven them up.

Interestingly these announcements are characterised as much by what is not present as by what is. There is no mention whatsoever of the effect the new undergraduate fee levels are likely to have on postgraduate fees and international fees. These are unregulated markets, and it seems unlikely that universities will continue to charge £5,000 per year for a postgraduate taught programme whilst undergraduates pay £9,000. That will yet further restrict access to postgraduate education to those who can afford to pay large amounts of money up front.

There is also no acknowledgement of the fact that it appears Scottish students travelling to England to study will be charged up to the full £9,000 per year maximum, forcing students to choose between what may be the most suitable course for them and a large amount of debt. These plans not only fail a significant proportion of graduates in Scotland, but they will also fail those Scottish students who choose to travel to England.

Perhaps the only silver lining to this announcement is the fact that extra revenue from the increased fees will be divided across the whole sector rather than going straight to the universities who take more RUK students, and I welcome the fact that NUS Scotland will have input into those decisions. Whilst this may be less beneficial for institutions such as the University of Edinburgh, it also means that there is much less incentive for an institution to take an RUK student in place of a Scottish student, and it will prevent the gap widening between the ‘usual suspects’ and other higher education institutions. There are, however, implications for the assumption that universities will charge only £6375. If the increase in fees will replace the current teaching grant, then that fee level will only cover £4,555 of a gap left by a grant ranging from £6,000 to £15,000, depending on subject area. The rest, presumably, will come out of the centralised funds from the current teaching grants, but given the uncertainty around how much each institution will receive from that central pot, institutions will be unwilling to risk receiving less funding for those places than before, and so they’ll charge the maximum amount they can.

The proposed changes will create a precedent for a system whereby the Scottish higher education sector will be funded based on free market forces rather than on need. The Parliamentary statement is in my opinion either deliberately misleading in claiming that the fees will maintain the current level of cross-border study, or deliberately naïve in claiming that universities will charge only £6375, and I think Mr Russell should be ashamed of it. A much better policy would be to put fees at a set level around the £6375 mark, make up the rest of the current teaching grant from central funding, and then divide any leftover funds across the whole sector, using some of it to support Scottish students who travel to England to study. That would prevent Scotland from becoming the most expensive country in Europe to get a degree for a large number of its students, it would help to prevent free market forces coming into the Scottish sector, it would maintain current levels of cross-border study, and by Mr Russell’s own arithmetic it will raise an extra £62m for the sector. Whilst it will mean that in Mr Russell’s terms the policy is not ‘future proof’, in any case the cap in England has been set at £9,000, so it should never be necessary to raise fees above £6,750 in order to save Scottish places. Regardless, I hardly think that administrative ease should be the basis of a policy which costs students so much.

Property damage

December 14, 2010

This week I found myself defending the actions of people I’ve never met, actions that I probably wouldn’t have done myself in the same situation. There’s been a bit of a running joke in the pub over the last few weeks that I’ve been throwing fire extinguishers off roofs and stuff like that, and one of the regulars wanted a proper conversation about it, so we had one. We didn’t really get very far to be honest (and we were both kind of drunk by the end of it) but it’s a good topic.

He started off with a very legalistic opposition to what happened a Millbank, that it was criminal damage and that if we just choose what laws to follow then we’re left with lawlessness and chaos (actually he said ‘anarchy’ but that’s probably not the best way of describing it). I disagreed, and said that this argument has less to do with law as it does with morality and principles. Often they go hand in hand, but not always so. Everyone agrees that a starving man stealing food to feed his family is an acceptable violation of the law, and yet noone claims in that case that choosing when to follow the law leads to lawlessness and chaos. So clearly there are some situations where breaking the law can be justified. He said that the difference is the starving man has no other option. I’m not so sure that’s a vital part of where to draw the line, and I’m also not so sure that it’s a useful comparison to draw with what happened at Millbank.

As another example I said if there was a plane that was shortly going to take off and drop bombs somewhere, then it could be justified as a form of direct action to break the engine of that plane. “Ok so what if people came here and smashed the window of the pub?” he replied, “Would you give the police the CCTV footage?” And of course I would, unless the pub owner had really been shafting these people and they genuinely were targetting the pub for a good reason. And I think that’s the difference. Breaking the law can sometimes be justified if it’s correctly targetted and for a good cause. Which is why I think storming Millbank was justified, but if they’d stormed some other building instead, it wouldn’t have been.

So if I’d been in London this week would I have also been smashing the windows of the Treasury? Probably not. Why’s that if I think it’s justified? Because even though it can be justified, that doesn’t make it mandatory. Painting ‘NO’ on the grass outside Parliament was a good thing to do, bannerdrops all over the place were good ideas. Smashing the Treasury, meh, I suppose, but it seems a little bit superfluous. But certainly stupid things like this weren’t justified:

What good comes out of it? Did the bench hurt you in some way? Is attacking this bench doing any good for the cause? Nah.

But what about Charles and Camilla being attacked? Is that justified in the same way that Millbank was? No, probably not, they have nothing to do with the cuts agenda the government is pushing. But it’s certainly understandable. Maybe that’s a better way of looking at this, rather than justifying actions (which requires a level of forward-thinking that mobs don’t tend to have at their disposal) maybe we should look at how understandable an action is. If you have a group of people protesting against privilege and unfairness in the education sector, then how do you think they’ll react when the most obvious symbol of inherited privilege in society just happens to saunter down the road right next to them? It’s all been spun out of proportion of course, but I think shaking them up a bit without actually harming them will have won people over. Let’s face it, Charles and Camilla aren’t exactly popular, perhaps least of all amongst monarchists.

The more I think about these questionable actions, the more I start to think that the majority of them are not only understandable, but also an inevitable consequence of fucking around with people for too long. I probably wouldn’t do the same thing, but I refuse to condemn the majority of it. Let’s leave that to the right wing media and scared politicians.